Health Service Categories and Careers


Radiology is the medical specialty which focuses on quality medical imaging to guide patient care and inform diagnoses and treatment, and to also monitor the effectiveness of treatment. It studies anatomy, pathology, AI, diagnostic radiology, procedural radiology, safe practice, clinical management and continuity of patient care. Diagnostic radiology involves competency in the various radiology modalities - X-ray, Ultrasound (US), Computed Tomography (CT) scan, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan, Nuclear Medicine (NM) scans, and Mammography. Procedural radiology includes fluoroscopy and angiography, and other image-guided therapeutic and surgical interventions.
Importantly, radiology collaborates with other medical specialties, engaging in respectful shared decision making to ensure continuity of patient care. Image interpretation, clinical report writing and communication are important aspects of this field, as is continued professional development in new technologies. Radiology services are provided in hospital radiology departments and private clinics. They operate in emergency, inpatient and outpatient settings.

Radiology specialisations include: Radiation Oncology, and Clinical Radiology. Clinical radiology subspecialties include: diagnostic radiology, diagnostic ultrasound, nuclear medicine, and other areas of interest such as interventional radiology, neuroradiology, breast imaging, paediatric imaging, cardiothoracic radiology, emergency radiology, musculoskeletal imaging, among others.

Radiology Jobs

Radiologists are doctors who specialise in performing and interpreting diagnostic imaging tests, and other interventional procedures or treatments, which use radiology technologies including X-ray, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging equipment. Their services are integral to patient care. They produce and interpret quality images of the body to help achieve accurate diagnoses and monitor responses to treatment. They receive referrals from medical specialists and communicate and work with patients to achieve optimal imaging outcomes. They provide continuity of care to patients by collaborating with health professionals, consulting with doctors, and working within the wider clinical multi-disciplinary team. Radiologists often specialise in an area radiology which may relate to the type of technology used eg. diagnostic ultrasound or interventional radiology, or the area/mechanism of the body, such as gastrointestinal radiology, neuroradiology or musculoskeletal radiology. To pursue a career in this field, registered doctors who have completed at least two full years as an intern/resident, can apply to the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists (RANZCR) to undertake the Clinical Radiology Training Program, a five-year training program which leads to Fellowship and Specialist registration with AHPRA.

Registrars (Radiology) are registered doctors who have completed their medical degree and pre-vocational training (internship and residency/PGY2-3). They have attained general registration with AHPRA and can now undertake specialist/or vocational training positions to broaden and refine their scope of practice and gain experience, skills and competency in their chosen area of medicine. Registrars are very important members of the integrated and multi-disciplinary health care team. They have increasing responsibility for patient care, oversee and support junior doctors and staff, participate in professional development activities and continue to receive important guidance, training, and support from senior staff. They work in a range of primary, secondary, tertiary, clinical, laboratory and acute care settings, in hospitals, private practices and community clinics. Registered doctors at this level can further their career as Hospital Doctors or Career Medical Officers or pursue a medical specialty with further training and specialist registration. Registrars who work in Radiology are undertaking specialised advanced training in Radiology and its clinical practice. They work under Radiologists/specialist consultants and develop skills, clinical expertise, and valuable work experience in providing diagnostic and interventional radiology services to patients and in collaboration with medical teams.