Radiology is the medical specialty which focuses on quality medical imaging to guide patient care and inform diagnoses and treatment, and to also monitor the effectiveness of treatment. It studies anatomy, pathology, AI, diagnostic radiology, procedural radiology, safe practice, clinical management and continuity of patient care. Diagnostic radiology involves competency in the various radiology modalities - X-ray, Ultrasound (US), Computed Tomography (CT) scan, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan, Nuclear Medicine (NM) scans, and Mammography. Procedural radiology includes fluoroscopy and angiography, and other image-guided therapeutic and surgical interventions.
Importantly, radiology collaborates with other medical specialties, engaging in respectful shared decision making to ensure continuity of patient care. Image interpretation, clinical report writing and communication are important aspects of this field, as is continued professional development in new technologies. Radiology services are provided in hospital radiology departments and private clinics. They operate in emergency, inpatient and outpatient settings.
Radiology specialisations include: Radiation Oncology, and Clinical Radiology. Clinical radiology subspecialties include: diagnostic radiology, diagnostic ultrasound, nuclear medicine, and other areas of interest such as interventional radiology, neuroradiology, breast imaging, paediatric imaging, cardiothoracic radiology, emergency radiology, musculoskeletal imaging, among others.