Health Service Categories and Careers


Internal Medicine, also known as General Medicine or General and Acute Medicine, is concerned with providing comprehensive and integrated health care to adult patients suffering from a variety of complex, chronic and multisystem disorders. It combines the core biomedical sciences: bacteriology, pathology, and physiology, with evidence-based medical practice and a holistic and psychosocial approach to patient care. This approach requires multidimensional assessment and diagnosis, multidisciplinary expertise, broad clinical skills and knowledge of a range of therapeutic treatment options. Internal Medicine often deals with undifferentiated presentations which affect more than one organ and involve co-morbidities and may require acute clinical care alongside long term care in prevention and rehabilitation. Internal Medicine is practiced across acute hospital and ambulatory settings, and is particularly important in rural and remote areas, where access to subspecialists may be limited.

Many medical disciplines are considered subspecialty areas of Internal Medicine, including Haematology, Oncology, Cardiology, Clinical Pharmacology, Allery and Immunology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Neurology, Nuclear Medicine, Clinical Genetics, Endocrinology, Gastroenterology and Hepatology, and Geriatric Medicine. Please refer to these specialty areas for more information.
Physicians undertake core basic training in Internal Medicine (3-years/RACP), before embarking on advanced training in Acute and General Medicine or another subspecialty area.

Internal Medicine Jobs

Internal Medicine Specialists, also known as General Physicians, are well versed in an array of medical disorders. Their work is expansive and covers niche specialty areas as well as competency in hospital and ambulance settings. They work across age brackets, needs and treatment types and they often contribute to policy creation and academic research. Internal Medicine Specialists are mindful of both the clinical and psychosocial needs of their patients. They can individualise their recommendations and may advise against complicated or invasive medical regimens that pose risks and bring little benefit to the patient. To qualify as an Internal Medicine Specialist, registered doctors undertake Advanced Training in Adult Internal Medicine, a 3-year RACP program. On completion, some doctors will finish training and work in CMO/SMO and other similar positions, while others will undertake further advanced training in a subspecialty area of Internal Medicine, such as General and Acute Care Medicine, which takes a further 3-years and leads to Fellowship and Specialist registration.