Gynaecology and Obstetrics is the medical speciality encompassing Obstetrics–women’s health and medicine relating to pregnancy and childbirth, and Gynaecology –health and medicine related to women and the female reproductive system. This field of medicine studies the anatomy and physiology associated with the placenta, fetus, and newborn baby, as well as the physiology related to changes and endocrinology in women’s bodies, from pre-puberty to menopause. It incorporates knowledge of genetics, pathology, haematology, microbiology, and immunology. Practice involves both medical and surgical conditions, and management of high-risk pregnancies.
Obstetrics and Gynaecology services are provided in acute/emergency and outpatient settings in hospitals and private clinics. Services involve consultations, ultrasound and radiological investigation, pharmacology and other therapies, education, and clinical management of pregnancies, childbirth and other conditions affecting women’s health.
Subspecialties include Gynaecological oncology, Maternal–foetal medicine, Obstetrics and gynaecological ultrasound, Reproductive endocrinology and infertility, and Urogynaecology.