Pain Medicine is the study, evaluation and treatment of individuals who are injured or suffering from disease which means they are frequently in a state of pain. Pain Medicine has recently been recognised as a separate medical specialty, and, as opposed to Anaesthesia, has a more dynamic, multidisciplinary nature, with a varied, person-centred approach to health and wellbeing. Pain Medicine deals with acute, cancer-related, or chronic pain in patients with diverse medical conditions and needs, and often involves continuity of care. Pain Medicine involves contemporary pain therapy with a combination of sociological (behavioural), psychological and biomedical strategies to help manage pain in patients and improve quality of life. This provides a wide range of care, which may include patient and family counselling, coordination of rehabilitation and other allied health services, as well as prescribing evidence-based medication and other procedural interventions.