Medical/Clinical Genetics combines genetic studies and medicine. It applies genetic principles to pathology, health and health care. It involves gene mapping, inherited conditions, genetic mutations, and provides diagnosis and treatment of genetic disorders and diseases, which are often lifelong and require ongoing clinical management and care. Clinical Genetics involves genetic counselling, screening of fetus and newborns, gene testing, and collaboration with a variety of medical specialists to provide ongoing management and treatment of genetic conditions throughout a patient’s life. Practitioners are aware of technological progress and advances in this field and can provide expert advice during consultations.
Clinical Genetics subspecialties include: Biochemical genetics, Clinical cytogenetics and Molecular genetic pathology.